70 Years of NFL Relocations
Football fans are once again reminded they don’t own their home teams. The Oakland Raiders’ planned move to Las Vegas marks the 11th time since the 1940’s that an NFL franchise is packing up for “greener” pastures.
The Cleveland Rams uprooted to Los Angeles in January, 1946, barely a month after winning the NFL championship. Battling persistent financial woes and unforgiving Midwest winters, the lure of California was too tempting for owner Dan Reeves. It didn’t hurt either that Rams QB Bob Waterfield was married to Hollywood glamor star, Jane Russell.
The Rams became California’s first professional sports franchise.
The Bidwill family moved the Chicago Cardinals to St Louis in 1960 on a losing note- the team had lumbered through a dismal decade and were overshadowed by George Halas’ dominant Bears. Initially, the nearly bankrupt Cardinals couldn’t afford the NFL’s hefty relocation fee but the league softened its terms, fearing startup rival AFL would grab the St Louis market.
In 1988, Bill Bidwill picked up the Cards again and headed for the sunbelt in Arizona, leaving behind an aging stadium and a mediocre playing record.
The search for upgraded facilities and luxury boxes devolved into legal morass for Oakland Raiders owner Al Davis. The inveterate businessman transplanted his team to Los Angeles in 1982 but not before filing an anti-trust lawsuit against the NFL to clear the way.
Two years later, drama unfolded in the east coast when the Baltimore Colts departed for Indianapolis with an eminent domain threat on their tail. Under the cover of darkness on March 29, 1984, fifteen long-haul trucks loaded the team’s possessions and hastily drove for the state line.
Lawsuits reached the Supreme Court but owner Robert Irsay prevailed and the Baltimore Colts were reduced to a sentimental relic- the team’s Super Bowl V trophy stayed in the city.
Baltimore acquired a new franchise twelve years later when Art Modell replanted the Cleveland Browns’ personnel as the Ravens. The move was a replacement, not a relocation- the Browns’ name, logo and history remained in Cleveland.
By 1995, the Raiders’ and Rams’ fortunes were sagging and southern California was mired in recession. With public funds short for stadium improvements, including for earthquake damage repairs, both teams left- the Raiders back to Oakland and the Rams to St Louis.
The second largest media market in the country was effectively deprived of an NFL team for the next 21 years.
In Texas, Houston Oilers Bud Adams locked horns with the city over renovations to the Astrodome and eventually took off for Tennessee in 1997. House Majority Tom Delay even introduced a Bill in Congress to block the move though it failed to garner support.
A generation on and the quest for dollars and new stadiums remains unchanged. In 2016, the Rams made their way back to Los Angeles, which also picked up the San Diego Chargers for the 2017 season.
The more things change, the more they stay the same.
HOCKEY January 25, 2009 At the 57th NHL All-Star Game, the Eastern Conference beats the Western Conference 12-11 with the final point decided by a shootout. Over 21,000 fans attended the game which was part of a weekend of activities held at the Bell Centre in Montreal. Eastern Conference captain Alexei Kovalev earned the MVP award.
TENNIS January 30, 1999 Martina Hingis wins the Australian Open, defeating Amelie Mauresmo 6-2, 6-3. It was the third consecutive Australian title for the Swiss national who turned pro 5 years earlier at the age of 14. In 1997, one of her greatest years, Hingis took the Australian, Wimbledon and U.S. Open, but lost the final at the French to Steffi Graf.
BASKETBALL January 25, 1989 Michael Jordan scores his 10,000th NBA point in his 5th year with the Chicago Bulls. The celebrated athlete who lifted the popularity of the NBA around the world won his first title in 1991 and retired in 2003 with 6 championships. Acclaimed as the all-time best player on the court, Jordan averaged 30.1 ppg, 6.2 rpg, and 5.3 apg.
BASEBALL January 23, 1979 Center fielder Willie Mays is inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. Spending most of his 22-season career with the NY/San Francisco Giants, Mays won the World Series in 1954 and was the 3rd highest home run hitter (660) at retirement in 1973; he is currently 5th of all time. Mays is described by some as the best “5-tool” player ever.