The Worst Years In American Baseball
World War II was raging and as America's resources were being diverted overseas, baseball's greatest assets were no exception. Celebrated sluggers like Joe DiMaggio, Ted Williams and Hank Greenberg were just a few of the hundreds of major leaguers who traded their team jerseys for military uniforms.
The effect on the sport was profound as talent-sapped teams filled their rosters with military rejects, quasi-professionals and hopeful amateurs. In June of 1944, the Cincinnati Reds briefly filled the mound with a 15-year old ninth grader, Joe Nuxhall, whose left handed fast balls were good enough in a player-depleted year.
The following season, the St. Louis Browns even signed into contract a one-armed outfielder, Pete Gray, who scooped balls into the air and then dropped his mitt to catch and throw with remarkable speed.
Travel restrictions also forced clubs to stay regional for spring training and do with frost on the field, or seek enclosures like aircraft hangars and horse barns for their practice. For a time, material rations even took the natural rubber out of baseballs and turned them into duds. Not surprisingly, the profession suffered as the game diminished and fans dropped off in droves.
But America's favorite pastime returned with a vengeance following the end of the war in 1945. The game caliber was back, combining with the post-war euphoria for a new and exciting era in American baseball.
By 1947, the color barrier would also be broken with Jackie Robinson becoming the first black player to join the Majors. That year, nearly 20 million fans went out to the ballparks to see their favorite teams, double the attendance of prewar levels.
MOTOR RACING November 1, 2009 British car racer Jensen Button wins his first and last Formula One World Championship title after finishing 3rd at the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, the final race of the calendar year. Button clinched 6 GPs that season, including Monte Carlo, accumulating the most points at 95, or 11 ahead of runner-up Sebastian Vettel.
RUGBY November 6, 1999 Australia wins the 4th quadrennial Rugby World Cup championship after defeating France 35-12 in the Final. Wales was the official host to the tournament, which saw 65 national teams qualify for 20 spots at the 37-day event. The U.S. lost all 3 of its group matches, including a 53-8 crushing against Ireland, and was dispatched early.
BASEBALL November 3, 1989 Lou Piniella replaces Pete Rose as Manager of the Cincinnati Reds. It was Rose’s last year in professional baseball after being banned for life due to gambling activities in MLB games. Piniella stayed on for three seasons, leading the Reds to a World Series victory in just his first year as Manager with the mid-west franchise.
BASKETBALL October 30, 1979 The Los Angeles Lakers defeat the Chicago Bulls 111-105, winning a fifth straight game and posting an early season record of 7-2. In the first NBA season to implement the 3-point shot, they would go on to clinch the national Championship against the Philadelphia 76ers. Rookie Magic Johnson took home the MVP award.