Stock Car Racing- "Made In America"
An ear-piercing, speed-thrilling, stock car pursuit is the most lucrative spectator sport in America, taking in $3 Billion a year in corporate sponsorships, more than double that of the NFL.
The sport's premier governing body, National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR), screams and screeches a “Made in America” label. From motor oil to cooking oil, the list of sponsors that plaster their logos on race cars and drivers' suits is akin to nothing less than a who’s who in American consumer products, .
Unlike the international jet set prestige associated with IndyCar and Formula 1, NASCAR has remained fundamentally red, white and blue.
In an annual Cup schedule that hosts 36 races, only six individual pursuits were ever won by foreign born drivers, the first in 1967 by Mario Andretti (Italy) and the last in 2012 by Marcos Ambrose (Australia).
Toyota is also the only non-domestic car to ever celebrate a series victory, in 2015 with Kyle Busch behind the wheel.
Its origins rooted in the southeast and on the other side of the law, stock car racing echoes an American spirit that embodies freedom, ingenuity and competition.
During prohibition in the 1920’s, moonshine runners modified their car engines to outrun the police on rural roads but maintained the vehicles’ outer appearance to avoid attention. Hooch drivers later teamed up and took their skills on dirt racetracks.
Auto mechanic and racer Bill France Sr. founded NASCAR in 1948 to standardize rules among the different racetracks. The following year, the group sanctioned its first “Strictly Stock” series.
Red Byron won the inaugural eight race season driving his #22 Oldsmobile Rocket 88, regarded by some as the first muscle car. 1950 saw the first asphalt superspeedway in Darlington, SC. Daytona followed nine years later with the 500 opener.
After initial success, NASCAR rebranded the series the “Grand National” and beginning 1971 it kicked off a modern era by leasing its name to a succession of sponsors: Winston Cup, Nextel Cup, Sprint Cup and rolling off in 2017, the Monster Energy Cup.
Over the decades, records were broken and legends were made. Former whiskey runner Junior Johnson won 50 races in the 1950’s-60’s and is credited as the first driver to use “drafting” in the stock car chase.
Johnson's imprisonment for owning an illegal still only added to his lore. Author Tom Wolfe featured his story in a 1965 Esquire article that was later made into a film, “The Last American Hero”.
In the 1980's, President Ronald Reagan pardoned the North Carolina native for his conviction. It's all "Made in America" !
BASEBALL July 21, 2010 Former baseball player and New York Yankees manager Ralph Houks dies at the age of 90. A decorated WWII combatant who rose to become a major, Houks played catcher for the Yankees after the war and was a member of their World Series championship teams in 1947 and 1952. Though, the Kansas native was better known for his career in coaching and managing the pin-stripes when they took the Series in 1953, 1958, 1961, and 1962.
CYCLING July 23, 2000 Lance Armstrong wins the Tour de France race, but in subsequent years his victory would be stripped away because of doping allegations. In August, 2012, the United States Anti-doping Agency disqualified Armstrong’s results beginning in 1998 and his 7 Tour wins from 1999 to 2005. Even though Germany’s Jan Ulrich placed 2nd in 2000, the Union Cycliste Internationale decided to keep the race officially without a declared winner.
GOLF July 22, 1990 Phil Mickelson wins the US Golf Amateur Championship. The San Diego native who attended Arizona State University on a golf scholarship would turn professional two years later. To date, Mickelson has won the Masters 3 times (2004, 2006, 2010), the PGA (2005) and the Open (2013). At the U.S. Open, he tied for 2nd place a record six times. Reaching a career-high world ranking of No. 2 several times, he was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 2012.
OLYMPICS July 19, 1980 The first Olympics to be staged in Eastern Europe hold their opening ceremonies in Moscow, Russia. Because of the Soviet Union’s invasion of Afghanistan, the United States along with 66 other countries boycott the games entirely. The USSR and East Germany ended up winning 127 out of 203 gold medals. Four years later, the Soviets and 13 of their Eastern bloc allies would retaliate by boycotting the Olympics in Los Angeles.