American Men In Tennis- Not Just Absent, Gone
The Grand Slam is now in its 15th consecutive year without an American male singles champion at the Australian, French, British (Wimbledon), or US Open.
The last to clinch one of the quarterly calendar tournaments was Andy Roddick, who raised the trophy after routing Spain’s Juan Carlos Ferrero in three straight sets at the 2003 US Open.
The Nebraskan hopeful reached the prestigious tennis finals four more times- Wimbledon in ‘04, ‘05, ’09 and US Open in ’06- only to succumb at each encounter to the onslaught of Swiss racket prodigy, Roger Federer.
58 successive Grand Slams, lucrative tournaments that offer high ranking points, have been played to date without a single red, white and blue alpha male landing in the winner’s circle.
If Americans weren’t a dominant force in tennis during periods of the 1970’s through 90’s, then they certainly didn’t let more than a few years pass before retaking the world stage.
The Open Era got going in 1968 when tournaments allowed professionals to compete with amateurs. Prior to that watershed year even the Davis Cup, which harks back to 1900, kept the international competition an amateur-only event.
Arthur Ashe was the first American and African-American to nab victory in the Open Era (photo above), overtaking Netherlands’ Tom Okker at the 1968 finals in New York. Ashe and compatriot Stan Smith won a few more championships before giving way to Jimmy Connors and John McEnroe in the 1970’s.
Raging battles between Connors and McEnroe, one a fiercely-competitive maverick from California, the other an on-court, confrontational left-hander from Queens, NY, helped keep Americans at the top of the game.
Between them, Connors and McEnroe won half the Grand Slams from 1981 through 1984.
A four-year dry spell for the Americans followed and was finally broken by Michael Chang in 1989 when he defeated Stefan Edberg in five sets at the French Open. Chang remains the youngest male at 17 to claim a Grand Slam.
The 1990’s ushered in multi-champions Pete Sampras, Andre Agassi and Jim Courier. “King of Swing” Sampras retired with a world record 14 slam titles until surpassed by Federer in 2009 and matched by Nadal in 2013.
Agassi, considered the greatest service returner in the game’s history, was the first of only two men to complete a Career Golden Slam- winning all four singles and the Olympic gold (1996 for the Nevada native); Nadal is the other, earning gold at the 2008 games.
The new millennium did not see Americans fall back as much as the world catch up. A European juggernaut in the form of Federer, Nadal and Djokovic swept 48 of the past 58 slams, or 83% of the finals.
Nation winners are simply not guaranteed in a globalized, individual sport that offers deep talent.
Compounding the challenge in the U.S. is the draw of other popular sports that saps gifted tennis athletes. UCLA Bruins star quarterback, Josh Rosen, was a top-10 tennis player in junior rankings but chose to pursue football.
American men will eventually return to the victor’s podium, but until then fans won't stop being thrilled by high-caliber, borderless tennis.
BASEBALL July 21, 2010 Former baseball player and New York Yankees manager Ralph Houks dies at the age of 90. A decorated WWII combatant who rose to become a major, Houks played catcher for the Yankees after the war and was a member of their World Series championship teams in 1947 and 1952. Though, the Kansas native was better known for his career in coaching and managing the pin-stripes when they took the Series in 1953, 1958, 1961, and 1962.
CYCLING July 23, 2000 Lance Armstrong wins the Tour de France race, but in subsequent years his victory would be stripped away because of doping allegations. In August, 2012, the United States Anti-doping Agency disqualified Armstrong’s results beginning in 1998 and his 7 Tour wins from 1999 to 2005. Even though Germany’s Jan Ulrich placed 2nd in 2000, the Union Cycliste Internationale decided to keep the race officially without a declared winner.
GOLF July 22, 1990 Phil Mickelson wins the US Golf Amateur Championship. The San Diego native who attended Arizona State University on a golf scholarship would turn professional two years later. To date, Mickelson has won the Masters 3 times (2004, 2006, 2010), the PGA (2005) and the Open (2013). At the U.S. Open, he tied for 2nd place a record six times. Reaching a career-high world ranking of No. 2 several times, he was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 2012.
OLYMPICS July 19, 1980 The first Olympics to be staged in Eastern Europe hold their opening ceremonies in Moscow, Russia. Because of the Soviet Union’s invasion of Afghanistan, the United States along with 66 other countries boycott the games entirely. The USSR and East Germany ended up winning 127 out of 203 gold medals. Four years later, the Soviets and 13 of their Eastern bloc allies would retaliate by boycotting the Olympics in Los Angeles.