The Worst Years In American Baseball
World War II was raging in the early 1940’s and as America's resources were being diverted overseas, baseball's greatest assets were no exception.
Celebrated sluggers like Joe DiMaggio, Ted Williams and Hank Greenberg were just a few of the hundreds of major leaguers who traded their team jerseys for military uniforms.
The effect on the sport was profound as talent-sapped teams filled their rosters with military rejects, quasi-professionals and hopeful amateurs.
Not surprisingly, the profession suffered as the game diminished in quality and fans dropped off in droves. Ball park attendance hit a low of 7 ½ million in 1943, down from almost 10 million before Pearl Harbor.
In June of 1944, the Cincinnati Reds briefly filled the mound with a 15-year old ninth grader, Joe Nuxhall, whose left handed fast balls were good enough in a player-depleted year.
Trailing against the Cardinals, the Reds brought out Nuxhall in the 9th inning. The 6’2” high schooler retired his first batter but wrapped up his debut with 5 walks, two hits, one wild pitch and five runs.
Later years saw Nuxhall join the Reds and become a 2x All-Star in 1955-56. He remains the youngest person to ever play in major league baseball.
The following season, the St. Louis Browns signed into contract a one-armed outfielder, Pete Gray, who scooped up ground balls into the air and then dropped his mitt to grab and throw with remarkable speed.
The Pennsylvania native played 77 games with the Browns in 1945, batting an average of .218 and producing 51 hits, 6 doubles and 2 triples. Though, he never earned the respect from his team mates who were convinced he was hired just to raise gate receipts from curious spectators.
Travel restrictions also forced clubs to stay regional for spring training and do with frost on the field, or seek enclosures like aircraft hangars and horse barns for their practice. For a time, material rations even took the natural rubber out of baseballs and turned them into duds.
Under these conditions, club owners became skeptical about the sport’s continued viability but President Roosevelt kept the game going as a morale booster for the country.
In his famous “Green Light Letter” to baseball commissioner Kenesaw Landis, the war-time President expounded on the importance of baseball at the time and even suggested extending night games.
One solution was not even explored. Black players continued to be shut out from MLB and the obvious need for top athletes did not push owners towards integration.
Future Hall of Famer Satchel Paige spent the war years playing in the Negro League, while white players of considerably less talent were signed up to the majors.
Paige was a 42-year old “rookie” pitching for the Cleveland Indians when he was finally allowed into MLB in 1948.
But America's favorite pastime returned with a vengeance. The game’s caliber was back after the war ended in 1945 and two years later the color barrier was also broken.
That year, nearly 20 million fans went out to the ballparks to see their favorite teams, double the attendance of prewar levels.
American baseball entered a new era.
OLYMPICS October 2, 2009 Rio de Janeiro is awarded the 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics, beating out other favored bids from Madrid, Tokyo and Chicago. Over 11,000 athletes from 207 countries participated in 28 different sports. It was the first Olympics held in South America and the 2nd in Latin America; Mexico hosted the games in 1968.
BASKETBALL October 12, 1999 Former basketball star Wilt Chamberlain dies of heart failure at the age of 63. The 7’1” Chamberlain was a Harlem Globetrotter in the late 1950s before joining the NBA to play for the Warriors, 76ers, and Lakers. One of the greatest in the sport, he is the only player in NBA history to score 100 points in a single game.
FOOTBALL October 2, 1989 Art Shell becomes the first African-American Head Coach in the NFL’s modern era. Shell played for the Oakland/Los Angeles Raiders from 1968-82 before becoming the team’s Assistant Coach and then Head Coach. Shell later led the Kansas City Chiefs and Atlanta Falcons and compiled a career coaching record of 56-52.
BASEBALL October 6, 1979 The Baltimore Orioles take the American League series championship by defeating the California Angels 3-1. It was the Angels’ first post-season trip in franchise history. With Manager Earl Weaver at the helm, the Orioles clinched their 6th pennant race but would lose to the Pittsburgh Pirates in the World Series 4-3.